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Khoiriyah, K. (2016). The Picture Exchange Communication System: An approach to optimize communication ability of autistic children

International Conference on Education, 1, 237-247. (Indonesia.)
Abstract: The communication barrier is a disorder condition that is often found among the autistic children. Therefore we need an approach to optimize the communication ability of the autistic children. PECS is very effective to help the autistic children to communicate and to control their emotions. PECS can be used as a starting point to build the interactions during the instruction both between autistic students and their teachers, and between their classmates and the environment more effectively. The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is a unique alternative communication intervention method for individuals with autism. It is an approach to practice communication ability using non-verbal symbols. PECS is primarily an attempt to stimulate the children’s communication ability spontaneously. The use of visual language instead of verbal language is an initial mediation effort towards the communication process appears to be more complicated. The process of visual communication in turn triggers verbal expressions. PECS can be considered as efforts to provide visual stimuli. The process can be done in several phases. In the first phase the children are introduced to the non-verbal symbols. The different phases show the ability levels and the children’s development. To apply PECS, it is required to use a behavior modification. By using the behavior modification, it will be covered up the children desire. The objects desired will enforce the children to communicate through the pictures exchange, in which in the final phase the use of PECS approach makes the children motivated to speak.

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